Tuesday, 4 March 2014

5 types of lighting

G ood lighting in a space can make a huge difference when it comes to interior design. You might not realize you have got a bad choice in your lighting ,but you can recognize the after effects such as headaches, soreness of the eyes ,straining of the eyes to see well. Basically Good lighting make your space feel spacious, clean and welcoming.
The key is to create an ambience that takes you all through the day and all different uses of each space, for instance a flick of a switch can transform your vibrant ,bright living room to a romantic setting .
Nowadays, the scientists, designers and psychologists believe that the lights can play the important roles on human mood and people social behaviors.

We have two sources of light;

Natural /Day light via windows ,skylight, doors, etc
Artificial light form electrical light fittings and fixture


This interior space shows basically all the type of  lighting effects ,from the accent light ,to the natural light ray streaming in ,To the ambient light and decorative light. To set up the mood simply reduce the intensity of the light and its done .
source

 TASK LIGHTING

This lighting provides the light for a particular task such as reading ,computer work, assembling ,etc. Task Lighting has become an increasingly integral part of good lighting for the work place, What constitutes a good lighting is mostly the combination of ambient and task lighting. The recommended ratio between localized task lighting and ambient lighting is 5:1 which means flexible task lighting must accommodate a variety of situations and individuals such as duration of task, visual ability of individual people, susceptibility to glare increases with age .Therefore glare free lighting is critical for older individual for instance ; A 40 year old requires twice as much light as a 20 year old; and a 60 year old requires four to five times the light of a 20 year old, to accomplish the same task.


Glare :occurs when the eye encounters more light than it can cope with

 AMBIENT OR GENERAL LIGHTING

This Lighting provides even ,overall illumination, it radiates a comfortable level of brightness without glare and allows you to see and walk about safely. In some spaces such as the living room ,bedroom, laundry rooms, the ambient lighting also serves as the primary source of task lighting. It can be achieved with bright chandeliers, ceiling or wall-mounted fixtures etc . A centralized source of ambient light in all rooms is fundamental to a good lighting plan.


MOOD LIGHTING

Mood lighting can seriously impact your experience, softens your features and add a warm, alluring glow to any space. Most mood lights have beautiful geometric designs punched out to create mysteriously intricate shadows and shapes. The lighting you need to set up a romantic mood is different from the lighting you used for to entertain guest in your living room same goes for your bedroom
Dimmers can make a big difference ;you can soften your ambient or task light at a turn of a knob with dimmer switch.


DECORATIVE LIGHTING

Decorative lighting also creates  mood (an overall feeling of serenity or playfulness) and meaning (communication; sometimes this includes signage, such as Exit). Flat, functional lighting (such as the kind in your office) puts people on the alert. Decorative lighting, on the other hand, brings out the shape of objects, the “feel” of texture, and important keynotes.


ACCENT LIGHTING

Accent lighting adds brilliant shimmer to make your precious objects, paintings, sculptures, other prized possessions and outstanding architectural features like brick or stone wall, window treatments  stand out. Use a bulb that’s no more than three times as bright as the surrounding general light. It adds drama to a room by creating visual interest. Accent lighting is usually provided by recessed and track lighting or wall-mounted picture lights. Also aim the beam of light at a 30-degree angle from the vertical to prevent glare and hot spots.
Halogen is the best source for this type of lighting

To accomplish a  good lighting system ;create a plan, consider what, where, and when activities take place. Lighting needs to vary its intensity to accommodate multiple activities that occur in a single room. For example, your kitchen may be your favorite place to cook, read, do your hobbies, watch TV, and entertain. Would you want the same level of light for a dinner and for chopping carrots?

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